Map of Pakistan displaying output of spatial scan statistic, Local Moran’s I and Getis- Ord Gi* tests. Local Moran’s I identified high - high (red) and low-low (medium gray) clusters. However, not even a single high-low (dark gray) or low-high (black) type spatial outlier could be found. Getis- Ord Gi* detected hot spots (red) and cold spots (gray) of the disease cases across the country. The map also illustrates location of two most likely cluster clusters detected through spatial scan statistic (doted circles).