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Table 3 kdr alleles in relation to mosquito survival phenotype determined by three pyrethroids larval bioassay groups in Haikou City, Hainan Island, China

From: First identification of kdr allele F1534S in VGSC gene and its association with resistance to pyrethroid insecticides in Aedes albopictus populations from Haikou City, Hainan Island, China

Insecticides Collecting sites Bioassay status Individuals (N) kdr alleles Mutant frequency (%)
Wildtype Mutant
TTC(F) TTT(F) TCC(S) TGC(C) TTG(L)
Deltamethrin XI Alive 17 27 0 7 0 0 20.59
  Dead 15 28 0 2 0 0 6.67
LT Alive 21 36 2 2 0 2 9.52
  Dead 13 26 0 0 0 0 0.00
ST Alive 20 40 0 0 0 0 0.00
  Dead 17 34 0 0 0 0 0.00
BP Alive 17 16 0 16 0 2 52.94
  Dead 13 20 0 6 0 0 23.08
FM Alive 19 1 0 36 1 0 97.37
  Dead 16 7 0 23 2 0 78.13
Permethrin XI Alive 16 28 0 4 0 0 12.50
  Dead 16 29 0 3 0 0 9.38
LT Alive 15 28 2 0 0 0 0.00
  Dead 11 22 0 0 0 0 0.00
ST Alive 20 40 0 0 0 0 0.00
  Dead 18 36 0 0 0 0 0.00
BP Alive 15 9 0 20 0 1 70.00
  Dead 12 14 0 9 0 1 41.67
FM Alive 19 2 0 36 0 0 94.74
  Dead 17 9 0 25 0 0 73.53
Beta-cypermethrin XI Alive 13 12 0 14 0 0 53.85
  Dead 18 32 0 4 0 0 11.11
LT Alive 19 38 0 0 0 0 0.00
  Dead 14 28 0 0 0 0 0.00
ST Alive 14 28 0 0 0 0 0.00
  Dead 15 30 0 0 0 0 0.00
BP Alive 20 12 0 27 0 1 70.00
  Dead 19 25 0 13 0 0 34.21
FM Alive 20 1 0 39 0 0 97.50
  Dead 14 3 0 25 0 0 89.29
  1. XI xinbu Island, LT Longtang Town, ST Shishan Town, BP Baishamen Park, FM Flower Market