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Table 4 Frequency and intensity of urogenital schistosomiasis in relation to combined water sources for domestic and recreational uses

From: Urogenital schistosomiasis and associated determinant factors among senior high school students in the Dutsin-Ma and Safana Local Government Areas of Katsina State, Nigeria

Water sources N.E N.I Odds Ratio ECAM  
(Combined) (%) (%) (95 % CI) (95 % CI) P value
Dam, Pond, River or Stream 346 (100) 165 (47.69) 2.09 (1.59-2.76) 29.89 (17.45-42.34) <0.0001
Dam, Pond, River & Stream 8 (100) 6 (75.00) 6.89 (1.38-34.49) 11 (-0.67-22.67) 0.0196
Borehole, Tap, Sachet or Well 617 (100) 187 (30.31) 1 (Reference) 31.39(18.52-44.27) -
Borehole, Tap, Sachet & Well 0 0 0 0 -
Playing in shallow water or swimming 191 (100) 62 (32.46) 1.11 (0.78-1.57) 32.83 (3.46-62.19) 0.6359
Playing in shallow water & swimming 171 (100) 95 (55.56) 2.87 (2.03-4.07) 34.29 (14.91-53.68) <0.0001
  1. ECAM Egg Count Arithmetic Mean